|Associate Professor, Department of Information management and information and communication technologies named after Professor V. V. Dik, Moscow University for Industry and Finance «Synergy»|
Application of analysis of hierarchies in the choice of a method of automation of a company
Automating a company’s business processes is an important part of optimizing its operations. The automation process is a project activity based on the principles of achieving the goal, spending resources and meeting deadlines. The choice of automation method depends on many criteria (preferences, desires, technical and cost components) that must be considered in the planning of the project. The method of analyzing hierarchies will make it possible to organize in the best way the decisionmaking process regarding the choice of an automation method. The hierarchy analysis method, developed by the American mathematician Thomas Saaty about 30 years ago, is still widely used in practice for making decisions in all subject areas. In matters of choosing how to automate business processes of a company, this method is the best fit, because It makes it possible in the best way to take into account in the project all the requirements for the future system, to ensure the most acceptable functionality, to organize the most effective implementation and further support. The effectiveness of its use in the selection of automation systems is demonstrated by the example of the construction company PSK «Dom-skazka» engaged in automatization of business processes. To solve our problem, six criteria were chosen. As a result of the analysis, a response was received, allowing to decide on the choice of how to automate the production process. In the article, the authors consider an example of applying the hierarchy analysis method in solving the problem of choosing an automation method. The task has been set, alternatives have been chosen, selection criteria have been described, mathematical calculations have been carried out and the results have been obtained, on the basis of which a reasonable choice of the best alternative (automation method) has been made for the company in question.Read more...
The advisability of using blockchain technology in education
This research is dedicated to studying of use of blockchain technology in the education sector. Advantages, requirements and also possible problems which can arise at different stages of introduction of the considered solution are shown in the article. This review is dedicated to very new direction of application of blockchain and is intended for the management of educational institutions and scientists researching the considered technology. The goal of this article is to show the reasonability of integrating blockchain-based platform into education. The current certification system has a number of issues which can be solved by use of the said technology. The basic structure of blockchain provides high reliability and security making it tamperproof. This property is the key solution to the greatest problem of current certification system — the forgery of certificates. The mechanism is transparent which can help build trust with participants. The decentralized ledger technology prevents loss or destruction of certificates effectively solving the other big problem of paper certificates. The platform can help recruiters find suitable workers by providing paid access to student’s grades and achievements database. The worldwide adaptation of blockchain into education sector will allow migrating students to retrieve their certificates and use it in other country. This review shows that the blockchain technology can become a suitable tool for use as an open standard for certification system. The said platform is able to transform education and make it more genuine, united and reliable. It is possible to draw a conclusion on efficiency of a blockchain and to recommend it for use by educational institutions as the transparent and trusted system of registration and verification of the academic achievements. This opens many new opportunities in education.Read more...
Mobile application technologies in business
The work is devoted to the analysis of the modern market of mobile applications for business. The purpose of this study is to identify promising technologies for developing mobile applications for business, to study the directions for the development of mobile business applications. For this, the state of the market at the moment, its development and prospects were considered. The analysis of the dynamics of the development of the Russian and global market of mobile business applications has been carried out, the most significant developments in this field today have been considered. The main advantages and disadvantages of existing solutions are identified. According to the results of the analysis, a universal approach was proposed that allows the use of mobile applications in conjunction with desktop information systems to improve overall business performance. The demand for this study lies in the fact that currently there is an active digitization of society, increasing the mobility of members of society, as well as the need for new and modern technological solutions. The scientific novelty of the work is to justify a new approach to the development of mobile applications for use in conjunction with existing systems for automating business processes and business functions, which consists in separating the data presentation tools in a mobile application from the business logic of interacting systems. The proposed approach to the development will allow the use of the mobile application in different directions and areas of activity, since it provides flexible customization for any end user requests. Due to the potentially large interest from users, the proposed approach will reduce the price for a single application — due to the expected popularity of the product and the breadth of its distribution.Read more...
Features of the terms of reference for the development to fblock-chain management systems
The Terms of reference is an important document that accompanies any development in all areas of activity, including in the field of IT. A high-quality Terms of reference determines the success of future development and customer satisfaction with the results obtained. This determines the relevance of the research topic.The purpose of this article is to determine the features of the Terms of Reference for the design of a blockchain management system so that it accurately provides the functionality of the future blockchain management system and the necessary degree of information security. The authors were faced with the task of reviewing the structure of the Terms of reference, identifying sections that should take into account certain features of the blockchain system. Tasks of developing recommendations on the choice of the development platform, the composition of necessary actions at different stages of development to improve the quality of the Terms of reference. As a result of the study, specific features of the technical task of the designed system were determined in terms of choosing the configuration and architecture , user roles, and creating user groups for exchanging confidential information. The proposed approach to the development of high-quality Terms of Reference for the design of a blockchain management system will allow us to avoid errors at the very beginning of the design and create an effective solution to the blockchain management system. This approach can be used by developers of distributed registry systems to effectively launch and implement projects.Read more...
Secure use of smart-contracts in blockchain management systems
He smart-contract is the main document on the basis of which the functions of the blockchain management system are performed. Ensuring the security of business processes initiated by smart-contracts determines the success of the system and eff e business management, therefore, the research topic is relevant. Working in this area requires high competence in the fi of modern information technologies. They must have a good understanding of the specifi s of working with smart contracts, know modern blockchain systems, navigate security issues, and be able to apply their knowledge in practice. Therefore, the research topic is quite relevant. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of secure technologies for applying smart contracts, as well as the process of developing smart contracts. The authors were tasked with investigating all vulnerabilities associated with the use of smart-contracts and develop recommendations for developing students‘ competencies in the field of smart contract development. As a result of the study, measures for the safe use of smart contracts in Blockchain management systems were identified, and a laboratory workshop on modeling the process of developing smart contracts was developed. This laboratory workshop is aimed at developing students‘ professional skills in the field of blockchain and smart contracts, which are in demand in today’s digital society. It can be used for conducting laboratory classes in the disciplines of Information systems and technologies, Applied Informatics and Business Informatics. This approach can be used by developers of distributed registry systems to effectively launch and implement projects. Read more...
Development of an information system of Oracle programs in blockchain management systems
Oracles programs accept information from various sources, transform it, and transmit it to smart contracts. They can also accept data from a smart contract and transmit it to an external data source. Ensuring the security, validity and integrity of the supplied data determines the success of the blockchain system, therefore, the research topic is relevant. The purpose of this article is to identify practically important features of Oracle programs and develop a version of the information system architecture for Oracles programs that meets the necessary requirements. The authors were faced with the task of investigating all the vulnerabilities associated with the use of Oracle programs and developing an optimal architectural solution. In the course of research, methods of reviewing scientific literature on the subject of research, collecting, structuring and analyzing the information received, and methods of choosing solutions were used. As a result of the research, the concept of an intelligent system for transferring external data to a blockchain management system is proposed and the optimal architecture of this intelligent system is developed. This solution is aimed at improving the security of using Oracle programs for blockchain management systems, especially blockchain management systems for industrial Internet of things applications. The solution can be used by developers of distributed registry systems to effectively launch and implement projects. Read more...
Cyber-physical systems of the industrial Internet of things
Cyber-physical systems are a means of effectively managing industrial applications of the Internet of things. Physical layer cyber-physical system implements the control devices of the industrial Internet of things and intelligent algorithms digital system level provide management and information security applications. Effective management and information security determine the success of the industrial Internet of things, so the research topic is relevant. The purpose of this article is to develop an optimal architecture of a cyber-physical system based on the principles of data processing at the place of their occurrence and the application of a control action at the place of the problem occurrence. The authors were faced with the task of exploring all the possibilities associated with the application of the proposed principles and developing an optimal application architecture for the industrial Internet of things. In the study proposed the concept of intelligent application of industrial Internet of things, which enables processing of continuously generated data in their source and provides application control action to the location of the problem. The proposed solution: a) increases the information security of the industrial application of the Internet of things (data is not transmitted over the network) and b) prevents an attack on the software of the Industrial application of the Internet of things. The solution can be used by developers of industrial IoT systems to effectively launch and implement projects. Read more...
Development of the blockchain architecture of the Industrial Internet of Things system of the enterprise
The development of the digital economy in the modern world requires solving the issue of security of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) applications. A large number of distributed, network-based, IIoT devices managed by intelligent programs (software agents) require protection. A successful attack on any IIoT device will lead to hacking of the IIoT application and to large financial losses, as well as to the termination of the IIoT application, therefore, the research topic is relevant. The purpose of this article is to radically solve the security problem of the IIoT application by developing a blockchain architecture of the application. The authors were tasked with investigating all aspects of the blockchain system that ensure the security of IIoT application devices. The peculiarity of the blockchain system is that its participants are software agents that control the application devices. As a result of the research, the concept of the blockchain architecture of the IIoT application is proposed. He mechanisms of consensus of intelligent programs of IIoT devices as equal active participants of the blockchain network are investigated. The consensus mechanism and the cryptographic system of the distributed registry of the blockchain network increase the information security of the IIoT application. The synergistic effect of the blockchain system and intelligent systems of software agents of IIoT application devices significantly increases the efficiency of the solution. Intelligent systems of software agents and IIoT applications are effectively trained on the blockchain platform, and as a result, we get a decentralized supercomputer in the form of a blockchain system. Read more...
Development of the architecture of an intelligent information system oracle programs blockchain management systems
Oracle programs are a key link in the interaction of blockchain systems with the outside world. They must ensure the authenticity and security of data transmitted over a computer network to blockchain smart contracts. It is possible to increase security by creating a blockchain network for oracle programs, and a consensus of independent assessments of the authenticity of data in oracle programs will ensure the security of data transmitted to the main blockchain. Blockchain control systems in real time take several milliseconds to verify the authenticity of data, to data mining and to develop a control effect on the actuators. The consensus mechanism, which requires much more time, is not acceptable in these management systems. The purpose of this work is to develop the architecture of an intelligent information system of oracle programs for a real-time blockchain management system. To achieve the goal, the following tasks were solved: analysis of the state of the problem of ensuring the reliability and completeness of data, research of the capabilities of intelligent smart contracts, research of the intellectual capabilities of peripheral computing, development of the architecture of an intelligent information system of oracle programs. The scientific novelty of the work consists in the fact that a way has been found for high-speed transmission of the reliability of data transmitted by the oracle program system to the smart contracts of the blockchain management system in real time. The practical significance of the work is to solve the problem of providing reliable data to the blockchain management system in real time. Read more...
Development of the architecture of a complex of industrial Internet of Things systems based on intelligent sensors and touchsensors
In IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things) systems designed for enterprise management in real time, it is required to perform operational and intelligent processing of Big Data and issue a control signal to the actuators in a predictable time (on the order of several milliseconds). The high speeds of Big Data continuously generated by sensors of the industrial Internet of Things system make it difficult to obtain a control effect at a predictable time. The purpose of the study is to develop the architecture of a complex of IIoT systems to obtain a control effect at a predictable time in real time. The central issue of the task is the high-speed processing of structured data at the place of their occurrence to solve the contradiction between a large number of continuously generated necessary data and the need to process them at a predictable time. The decomposition of the IIoT system into separate IIoT systems according to the structures of the data used by them, followed by synthesis into a single complex of enterprise IIoT systems, is applied. The developed architecture of the IIoT system complex makes it possible to effectively implement distributed management of production processes in a predictable time, perform operational and intelligent processing of huge amounts of data of various formats continuously generated by industrial facilities. The complex of IIoT systems consists of separate systems of the industrial Internet of Things, each of which has its own structure of transmitted data and is implemented on the basis of a multi-level bus, which provides a high data transfer rate in a structured form, the ability to attach to the bus any IIoT device and any program used, including the Big Data system to identify hidden patterns in the work of the enterprise. The proposed solution of the architecture of the IIoT system complex based on intelligent sensors and touchsensors allows for effective management of enterprise equipment and technological process operations in real time with the immediate use of the new patterns found in the continuously incoming new data. The solution can be used by developers of industrial Internet of Things systems for the effective launch and implementation of projects, for the development and commissioning of IIoT systems. Read more...