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Kulikova Marina G.

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Technological Machines and Equipment Department, Branch of the National Research University "MPEI" in Smolensk
Smolensk, Russia

Simulation of the movement of the supporting leg of an exoskeleton with two links of variable length in 3D

A two-link model of exoskeleton with variable-length links for supporting the lower limbs of the human musculoskeletal system is proposed in the article. The researched model differs from the existing ones by the variable-length links, and by the angle calculation method. While in the existing models, the angles are calculated from the regular direction – from vertical, or from horizontal, – in the proposed research they are calculated between the links. As for practical exoskeleton implementation, the proposed method of angle calculation is appropriate to the actual working conditions of the electrical motors with the reduction gears installed in the hinges, which change the angles between the links. The construction of a variable-length exoskeleton link consists of two absolutely solid weighty sections located at both ends of the link and one weightless section between them in the center of the link. In the weightless section, there is a drive that creates a control longitudinal force, which realizes the increase or decrease in the length of the link in the required manner and provides the necessary maintenance of the length of the link when the person moves in the exoskeleton. The links are connected to each other using spherical hinges. Drives are installed in each hinge, creating control torques, which provide a relative rotational movement of the links. The jointly controlling longitudinal forces and moments realize the maintenance of the posture or the movement of the link in the required manner and, in relation to the exoskeleton, the repetition of the basic biomechanical properties of the human musculoskeletal system. The mathematical model in the form of the system of Lagrange differential equations of the second kind is obtained. The obtained mathematical model is examined for existence and uniqueness of the Cauchy solution. The kinematic trajectory of the link motion has been synthesized, which simulates the anthropomorphic movement of the supporting leg during the single-support phase of movement, and the control actions required for its implementation has been found. The significance of the results obtained in the process of modeling lies in the ability to create active exoskeletons, prostheses in medicine, anthropomorphic robots, and spacesuits that take into account the biomechanical features of the functioning of the human musculoskeletal system. Read more...

Determination of informative spectral ranges for the development of a transformer oil control system using deep learning neural networks

Optical spectral methods in the ultraviolet and visible regions can be used to develop transformer oil control technologies based on deep learning neural network models. The aim of the research is to identify informative spectral ranges of luminescent diagnostics for the automation system for monitoring the characteristics and parameters of transformer oil using deep learning neural networks. Measurements of the spectral characteristics of pure and spent transformer oil in the range of 180-700 nm were carried out on a diffraction spectrofluorimeter "Fluorat-02-Panorama". A qualitative and quantitative difference in the excitation spectra has been established: for waste oil, the spectra are shifted to the right and reduced by about four times to the maximum. The excitation maxima are located at wavelengths of 300, 322, 370 nm for pure and 388, 416 and 486 nm for waste oil. The photoluminescence spectra of pure oil at 300 nm excitation are a superposition of at least three curves, the largest of which has a maximum at 382 nm. For excitation of 370 nm, the spectrum is significantly wider and has maxima at wavelengths of 387, 405, 433-439 and 475-479 nm. The photoluminescence spectra of used oil are several times lower and have maxima at 446, 483 and 520-540 nm. The established excitation and luminescence ranges will be used when creating a methodology and installing quality control parameters of transformer oil during its operation. A deep learning neural network model based on the use of a self-organizing Kohonen map was also developed, which made it possible to predict the spectral characteristics of excitation based on the photoluminescence flow of transformer oil and, as a result, to determine the efficiency of the described method in industry through a decision-making system. Read more...