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Misnik Anton Е.

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Information Technology Software Department, Inter-state Educational Institution of Higher Education "Belarusian-Russian University"
Mogilev, Belarus

Modeling of educational processes based on neuro-fuzzy temporal Petri nets

The article is devoted to the implementation of a method for modeling processes in complex educational systems based on the proposed variety of neuro-fuzzy temporal Petri nets. The article considers educational systems of the level of higher educational institutions, which, of course, belong to the class of complex systems. The need for a method, models and modeling tools is dictated by the fact that modern educational processes require constant modernization, due to the constantly growing volumes of information, changes in legislation, stricter requirements for specialists, rapid development of technologies, constant discoveries in various fields, as well as the influence of external factors. Requirements for the tools for modeling processes in complex systems are formulated, the use of Petri nets as the basis of such models is substantiated. The existing educational processes are considered on the example of the cycle of training in the master's program of the Belarusian-Russian University. The model of educational and information-analytical learning processes in the master's program based on the neuro-fuzzy temporal Petri net is presented. The proposed method allows to increase the flexibility of the choice of individual trajectories of training in the master's program, the effectiveness of elective disciplines and to make the transition to an integrated approach in the preparation of undergraduates. The proposed method can also be used as a basis for monitoring the state and control of information and analytical processes in educational systems. An approach to the construction of software-instrumental environment for the design and modification of information-analytical processes is described, aimed, among other things, at bridging the semantic gap between experts, architects and developers of information-analytical processes. A subsystem for the formation of a neuro-fuzzy temporal model of processes within the framework of a software-instrumental environment is considered. Read more...

Modeling and design of information-analytical production processes based on neuro-fuzzy temporal Petri nets

The article is devoted to the issues of modeling and designing information-analytical processes corresponding to the production and technological processes at the enterprise. In the modern conditions of the functioning of the market, the enterprise faces important tasks of embedding in global supply chains, responding to an increase in the need for personalized products and, most importantly, reducing costs and improving product quality. In addition to solving these problems, the enterprise has to deal with such problems as: overproduction, waiting and wasted time, defects and marriage. Despite the fact that economic efficiency is put at the forefront, in order to ensure the sustainable development of an enterprise, it is necessary the criteria of environmental friendliness, accident-free operation and social efficiency. Enterprises, whose competitive advantages are flexibility and response speed to market needs, require tools for the operational management of production and technological processes. For effective functioning within a complex system, planning and implementation of production and technological processes must be supported by appropriate information-analytical processes that provide the collection and analysis of information, as well as modeling and making control decisions for the production and technological process. Production management is carried out in the form of strategic, tactical and operational planning, which puts forward additional requirements for modeling tools and management decision support. A variety of neuro-fuzzy Petri nets with temporal fuzzy neurons is proposed. An example of building a model of the production process and the corresponding information-analytical processes is considered. The developed specialized software for modeling production and technological processes and the implementation of information- analytical processes, including modules for forming an ontological model of a complex system and processes, obtaining data, a neural network supervisor, building a model of a production- technological process and corresponding information-analytical processes using the mechanism constructors based on neuro-fuzzy temporal Petri nets is considered. Read more...

Metagraphs for ontological engineering of complex systems

The article deals with the issues of ontological engineering of complex systems. Ontological engineering includes the processes of designing and building ontologies, technologically combining object-oriented and structural analysis. Ontological engineering aims to ensure the adoption of high-quality management decisions by increasing the level of integration of the necessary information, improving search capabilities in databases and knowledge bases, providing the possibility of joint processing of knowledge based on a single semantic description of the knowledge space. This process is carried out within the framework of the proposed approach to managing complex systems. The ontology obtained as a result of engineering is subject to the requirements of convenience and flexibility, which is necessary for modeling system processes and ensuring the functioning of information and analytical processes in a complex system. The application of ordinary graphs, hypergraphs and metagraphs in ontological engineering is described. The use of metagraphs in the construction of hierarchical ontologies is substantiated. Metagraphs are considered as the basis for building an applied ontology of a complex system. A modification of the metagraph is proposed, which makes it possible to include events and data processing methods in the ontology. Such a modification integrates the process component into the ontological model of the system as an integral part of it, which makes it possible to flexibly and with less time to form process models based on the metagraph subgraphs of the general ontological model. An approach and an example of the implementation of the software-instrumental environment of ontological engineering and further construction of models of processes of a complex system are described. The technology used to implement the ontology in the PostgreSQL database management system and the database structure for storing the ontology are described. Read more...