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Authors

Prokimnov N.

Degree
Moscow University of Industry and Science «Synergy»
E-mail
prokimnovnn@mail.ru
Location
Moscow
Articles

Building an economic monitoring information system

Efficient management practice implies foundation a suitable environment for observing and collecting crucial indicators thus providing decision makers and analysts with an information source. Monitoring information system operational procedures and underlying tools imple-mentation is typically an expensive and time consuming task. While decreasing developing and exploitation costs the approach suggested addresses also the issues of observations quality and usability enhancement.
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Structural and functional modeling of business processes

The problem of the structural and functional description of the business environment which provides the requirements for information systems implementation is considered. Basic terms definitions are proposed followed by comparative analysis of concepts and tools of the two most elaborated modeling methodologies.

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Modeling monitoring processes

The efficient information-gathering system is a crucial point for control procedures implementation. Developing the monitoring environment assumes that the performance parameters of the system to be built must be evaluated beforehand. The application-oriented models suit suggested in the paper may support this task.

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A simulation technique for sophisticated models

Building simulation model is normally a rather smooth process when implemented in simulation software environment. However some real object features to be introduced into model may cause con¬cern while expressing them directly by means of the instrumental simulation system facilities and need a special treatment.

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Web-based Information Use Technologies

The article presents a survey of the tools used to gain access to the Internet information. The author's classification of the tools is based on the concepts used, opportunities given, main development trends and the choice of promising development trends. The article can be used by the Internet users and website developers.
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Simulating investment processes

A method for investment processes analysis based on system approach is discussed. We analyze the dynamics of mutual investor and investment object influences. A decision-making supporting tool is composed of collaborative simulation and analytical models which in conjunction with application methods and techniques form the virtual modeling workbench. To illustrate the method an investment process associated with the municipal land use is considered. Read more...

Modeling publishing processes in scientific periodicals

The paper deals with structuring of the scientific periodicals production processes. On the basis of scientific journal specifics, the main production stages, stakeholders, resource usage and business rules the structural functional model and information models as well as the concepts of automating the editorial and publishing processes are proposed.
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Simulation technology and model management in «Actor Pilgrim» system

The paper presents the concepts and methodological basics of design, building and application of simulation models in the environment of Actor Pilgrim simulation system. The key features of the system compared to its earlier version are discussed as well as system capabilities to meet the challenges of managing complex economic processes, training and research tasks. The methods and techniques of practical work on the creation of and running the models using the system Actor Pilgrim are considered.

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Enterprise value and enterprise price: concepts and derivability of financial indicators

The notion of and the connection between the book value and the market value are discussed. Analyzed are the relationships existing in Russian market environment between these values and the enterprise value as well as their derivability of conventional financial indicators. The indicators affecting enterprise value and enterprise price and their influence on company growth forecasting accuracy and value based management decisions are identified.

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Using profit and cash flow factors in value based analysis and financial management

The correct choice of informative indicators is a crucial factor affecting the efficiency of enterprise financial management. Against all others indicators profit and cash flow values are considered nowadays to be the most widely adopted while conducting financial analyses. The article presents some conclusions obtained by underlying statistical analysis applied to the modern Russian economy environment which may be helpful while selecting the most significant indicator in terms of value based approach to financial management. The data used in analyses reflect the 2011 performance indicators for 240 Russian companies.
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Impact of issuer’s significant facts disclosure on the share price

The paper deals with the impact of activity significant facts disclosure on the company capitalization level. The results of analysis performed on data for four major Russian public companies for the period from December 2002 to May 2013 and encompassed the items of the significant facts list included in the Federal Law «On the Securities Market» are presented.
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Resource saving knowledge testing based on cloud computing

The problem of creating and implementing testing technology students in higher education that meets the requirements of saving time-consuming teacher is considered. There are various approaches to practical organization of the preparation, execution and processing of survey results used in different conditions. A modification of the method previously proposed by the authors that improves performance and is based on cloud computing technology is suggested. The results of the practical application of technology are given.
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Foreign approaches to M & S industrial-level acquisition

Modeling and simulation have arisen as a result of computing and information technology emerging, now belong to one of the most popular tools in scientific research, management activities, training, and other areas. The degree of penetration of technologies in various spheres of human activity is so high that makes urgent the establishment of a regulatory framework as scientific, methodological, organizational and administrative measures which will make possible transforming the activity of building systems simulation and there practical use from the matter of art and science to in engineering task. In this regard, it may be useful experience gained abroad, where the managerial and technical support level currently reached a higher level of satisfaction then domestic where the M & S are also widely used. The article provides a brief overview of the state in this area overseas aimed to help in overcoming this gap. We point out the main M & S standards groups as well the leading institutions (both governmental and none governmental) evolved in the standards development. After that the approaches adopted in large bodies, mainly in the field of defense, to building the management environment for M & S acquisition (including technical and management rules, standards and guides) are considered.
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The concept and principles of adaptive monitoring

Comprehensive, accurate and qualitative information is the basis of research, decision-making and management activities at different levels and applications. The non-trivial cases to obtain data related to the solution of complex problems and requires establishing special data collection or monitor system, the traditional approach to the construction is based on pre-formed requirements derived from system analysis stage. However, the actually observed processes due to their unpredictable character are typically different from expected ones having highly variability of their parameters’ values and behavior styles thus reducing the originally built monitoring system efficiency because of ever-growing discrepancy between the initial objectives and actually observed environment. The solution may exist in creating a system of adaptive monitoring, featuring flexibility to change its structure and behavior depending on changing conditions. The paper describes the fundamental concepts for building systems in an adaptive manner taking into account and generalizing the accumulated experience of implementing this approach. We indicate the possible adaptation areas, describe the main system components and objects, such as triggers and indicators, enumerate the requirements they should meet and enlist the recommendations for their design. In addition, the possible IT technologies, platforms and application systems examples that implement an adaptive monitoring approach are highlighted.
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The concept and principles of adaptive monitoring (part 2)

Comprehensive, accurate and qualitative information is the basis of research, decision-making and management activities at different levels and applications. The non-trivial cases to obtain data related to the solution of complex problems and requires establishing special data collection or monitor system, the traditional approach to the construction is based on pre-formed requirements derived from system analysis stage. However, the actually observed processes due to their unpredictable character are typically different from expected ones having highly variability of their parameters’ values and behavior styles thus reducing the originally built monitoring system efficiency because of ever-growing discrepancy between the initial objectives and actually observed environment. The solution may exist in creating a system of adaptive monitoring, featuring flexibility to change its structure and behavior depending on changing conditions. The paper describes the fundamental concepts for building systems in an adaptive manner taking into account and generalizing the accumulated experience of implementing this approach. We indicate the possible adaptation areas, describe the main system components and objects, such as triggers and indicators, enumerate the requirements they should meet and enlist the recommendations for their design. In addition, the possible IT technologies, platforms and application systems examples that implement an adaptive monitoring approach are highlighted.
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Implementing and using teacher’s personal electronic organizer

While analyzing the contemporary academic environment one can definitely notice the factor of overloading of teaching stuff, which is reflected in educational process quality. However, there are many daily and regularly implemented procedures that are basically formalized and thus can be automated. In this paper typical technological schemes for carrying out key activities, such as preliminary classes control checks and final testing, which allow reducing the time spent on their preparation, carrying out and processing the results are proposed. As the main support tool, an «intelligent» file based on a regular table editor, where ordinary data tables reflecting current educational process status are extended with software structures that perform the execution of technological procedures is used. The experience obtained while using the technology together with its supporting tool demonstrated their suitability as a mean that noticeably saves time losses and at the same time letting teacher organize and support his curriculum data. Some numerical estimations and conclusions based on the results of the approach applying and recommendations for potential uses are given.
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Building a multilingual system for cataloging and using the library fund

An approach to the construction of a technological scheme, data base and application support for organizing the processes for inventory and cataloging of the book fund as well as for managing use of the fund items is proposed. There are situations occurring in real life where some practical conditions may affect applicability of the methods commonly used for solving the underlying tasks. One of the restrictions deals with a situation when the fund owners need to developing bibliographic description of their library books written on different languages assume participation of external experts with knowledge of the language of publications. The proposed technology options for the implementation of this task complemented by a description of the principles of building an application that meet the established requirements provide the necessary support for the work of specialists involved in the preparation of the filing cabinet and further work with the reader contingent. Although the principles described in the paper were realized on MS Access they should be generally valid for other platforms.
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Approach to creating applications for non-core teacher functions

Recent decades have been marked by significant changes, both in the very concept of higher education, and in the internal organization of the system. Among the features characteristic of the current period are a significantly increased number of students and the expansion of their age range, which naturally affected the nature of the work of the university teachers whose accounting and organizational duties are beginning to take up a steadily growing proportion of their time. Such conditions stimulate the search for possible ways and means to mitigate the negative impact of these factors as much as possible by automating repetitive routine operations. The approach proposed in this paper is based on the idea previously proposed by the author along with its implementation in the form of a software application based on a spreadsheet editor and represents its significant development. Among the advantages of the advanced version, one may note both higher systematization level and functional diversity, as well as improved technical parameters. The significantly increased volume and complexity of the modernized version led to the need to develop and implement concepts and rules of internal construction. The work contains a description of the functional features of the application, the basic principles of its organization, as well as information regarding the technical characteristics of the current sample. The proposed principles for constructing a software framework may in the opinion of the author be useful for creating and maintaining applications using a similar platform.
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Issues of methodological and instrumental support of workshops on modeling and simulation

The effect of learning depends on many factors, among the most important of which are the suitability of a plan for conducting practical exercises and laboratory works that most accurately reflects the purposes and didactic units of the course being studied, and a sufficient level of provision of practical training with methodological guidelines and software tools. Decisions regarding the choice of all these elements depend on a number of conditions, such as the rules and standards in force of a particular educational environment, the format of training, the students’ stuff, and others. The paper proposes a framework generalized plan for conducting laboratory workshops on modeling and simulation courses, summarizing the author's methodological experience. The main prerequisites and principles underlying the composition of the workshops are presented. The set of tools used to perform practical tasks is characterized. Brief characteristics of the goals of each practical task of the generalized plan, the setting of tasks and the software tools used to solve them are given. The ideas and principles presented in the paper can be useful for teachers planning practical lessons on modeling and simulation as well as for developing their methodological and instrumental support. Read more...

Fuzzy cognitive modeling of heterogeneous electromechanical systems

The article presents a method of fuzzy cognitive modeling for heterogeneous electromechanical systems (HEMSs) in the management of innovative design solutions. During the operation of the HEMSs, as a result of their operational aging, the properties of the windings parametric matrices and the HEMSs vector space properties change. Periodic testing of the HEMSs vector space allows obtaining reliable information about the current technical condition of the HEMSs, about its changes during operation and about the risks of operating capability loss. At the same time (I) the presence of proportional changes in signals during sequential testing indicates the homogeneous operational aging of the HEMSs and its rate; (II) a disproportionate change in one of the signals indicates the damage or the development of a heterogeneous aging process; (III) a change in signals with a change in the angular position of the rotor indicates worn bearings or damage of the HEMSs rotor. The article presents the HEMSs model, describes the method for the topological research of the vector space and the method for forming the diagnostic matrices. The deviations of their elements are fuzzy due to the uncertainty of the load, influencing environmental factors and unstable supply voltages. Therefore, for predictive estimation of the HEMSs state, it is proposed to use fuzzy relational cognitive models that allow implementing a completely fuzzy approach to modeling problem situations in these systems. The presented data confirm the growth of the HEMSs heterogeneity under conditions of uncertainty of external influences. The proposed method for predictive estimation of the HEMSs state, based on fuzzy relational cognitive models, provides resistance to an increase in the uncertainty of the estimation results for various models of system dynamics due to a reasonable set of fuzzy vector-matrix operations. Read more...

Rationalization of university teacher's work in atypical conditions

The educational sphere is one of the most influenced by global processes greatly accelerated during the last period, the consequences caused by them are becoming more and more radical. This paper is devoted to solving the task of reducing the load on the teacher at the expense of information to a minimum of routine operations increased, in particular, by introducing into the practice of the educational process a distant mode, subject to minimizing a reduction in high-quality level. The focus is on such an element of the work of the teacher as a summary of the final measures, for the conducting of which a unified scheme is proposed, covering the basic actions to plan and realizing activities in remote mode, evaluating and logging the responses of examinations, questions of the information interaction of the student and the teacher. The execution of a number of operations in the proposed scheme is automated, the description of the functionality and design principles of software application is given in the article. The approach is focused on achieving the highest possible level of reliability of exams, simplifying operations and transparency of the grades issued by teacher. In the proposed decision, the experience collected by the author during its practical work within the proposed approach is taken into account. Read more...

A computer program for electromechanical system operational diagnostics based on the topological approach

The paper presents a method, a mathematical model, and a computer program for the operational diagnostics of an electromechanical system (EMS). During EMS operation, service aging changes the properties of the parametric matrices of the windings and, as a consequence, the characteristics of the EMS vector space. Periodic testing of the vector space offers relevant and reliable data on the current health of the EMS, its changes during operation, and the risk of loss of function. The object of the study is an asynchronous electric motor (AEM). It is urgent to automate the process of assessing the current health of an AEM and to organize the storage of information on its states at different stages of its life cycle. To solve the problem, software (SW) for accumulation of information on AEM operation and for evaluation of its basic performance metrics has been developed in the Python programming language. The SW is based on the topological approach to diagnostics, which implies the analysis of the current responses of motor rotor windings to phase voltage pulses. The SW enables one to determine the rate of the service aging of an item, the probability of its survival and residual life, to obtain access to the history of previous diagnostics, and to visualize the in-service history of the above-mentioned performance metrics. The developed SW can be used to increase the AEM operation efficiency and to plan engineering or repair work; it can also be used as an information source for re- engineering and modification of existing AEMs. The described SW can be extended to perform operational diagnostics based on the topological approach of devices of various types. Also, this SW can be considered as a separate information component of the digital twin of a complex EMS, which will allow us to study the main indicators of its reliability, fault tolerance and operational efficiency at all stages of the life cycle. Read more...

Modeling the impact of significant facts on the level of capitalization of Russian companies

The article 30 of the Federal Law "On the Securities Market" establishes that significant facts are information that, if disclosed, may have a significant impact on the value or quotations of the issuer's securities and (or) on the decision to acquire or alienate the issuer's securities by any interested person acting reasonably and in good faith. At the same time, there are very few empirical studies proving the influence of significant facts on the value or quotations of securities of Russian issuers. Modeling of such influence in order to manage the value and capitalization level of Russian issuers is advisable for investors, owners and management of Russian public joint stock companies to study the possibilities of managing the value and capitalization level of companies. The solution to this problem is based on measuring the results of the joint-stock company's activities and publicly disclosing the information necessary for making managerial decisions, which in the Russian Federation includes, among other things, significant facts. Significant facts are events that can change the current state of the company, in particular, affect such an indicator of its activity as the level of capitalization, therefore, affect the decisions made by the interested person. A few studies on the impact of significant facts on the level of capitalization of Russian companies have already been conducted earlier, however, since their implementation, a number of regulatory documents have come into force that change the legislative environment and affect, among other things, the composition of mandatory registration and disclosure of significant facts. This paper presents the results of a study aimed at establishing a list of the most significant events characteristic of companies' activities, identifying events that are universal in terms of the frequency of occurrence and significance of consequences, and finding out whether there is a connection between their occurrence and the effects caused in the form of changes in the values of financial indicators. For the research, data from 20 large Russian companies representing the oil and gas, metallurgical, chemical and energy industries were used, and received in the form of reports for the period following the introduction of changes in the regulatory environment. Read more...

Computer program for modeling of technical state indicators of electromechanical systems

The article is aimed at solving the problem of scientific justification of criteria and methods for assessing the technical state of electromechanical systems based on the topological diagnostic method. Mathematical model and computer program for simulation of technical state indices of asynchronous electric motors (AEM) are presented. Functions and Green matrices, as well as deviation matrices, are considered as such indicators. The basis of the program is the mathematical model of the AEM with a non-accelerated rotor and non-homogeneous windings. AEM is supplied from pulse voltage source. The action is carried out in different directions of the vector space of the motor in order to determine its characteristics and degree of homogeneity. Based on the reactions of the object, the program calculates and analyzes technical indicators for intact and damaged states of the AEM. A computer program for mathematical modeling of the technical state indicators of the AEM was carried out using the Maple package of symbolic and numerical calculations, which provides extensive opportunities for mathematical studies of various levels. A description of a software implementation of the proposed mathematical model is given. An example of using a program to model the performance of a serial motor with specified technical characteristics is given. The article presents the results of modeling the object indicators corresponding to the object different operational states. A reference state, a damaged state characterized by a change in the properties of the vector space during long-term operation, as well as a limit state, which corresponds to a break in one of the phases of the rotor winding, were defined as these states. Conclusions on each of the given electric motor states are given. Read more...

Application of bacterial optimization algorithms for selecting a site to construct a tank park on the main oil pipeline

The oil industry is the leading sector of the Russian economy, that makes the largest contribution to the country’s budget, creates a huge number of jobs and fully meets the domestic needs for oil and its products. In Russia, transportation of crude oil from fields to consumers (primarily refineries) is carried out by 5 modes of transport. Pipeline transport has received the greatest distribution. It provides transportation for 83% of crude oil and 30% of oil products. The most important element of the pipeline system is tank parks, which are used to collect and store oil at the junctions of technological pipeline sections and transshipment to other modes of transport. They are especially dangerous industrial objects. Therefore, they are subject to extremely stringent design and construction requirements. The most important stage in the construction of a tank park is the site selection, which is carried out on the basis of economic criteria and engineering requirements. In order to reduce the number of options for its location, where the survey party will travel, it is proposed to conduct a preliminary selection of the most promising territories by solving the task of multi-criteria optimization. The presence of a huge number of criteria leads to the need to use heuristic methods, among which swarm optimization algorithms based on modeling the collective behavior of various living organisms are widely used. To solve this problem, it is proposed to use bacterial optimization algorithms that allow taking into account both favorable and negative factors. Fuzzy logic elements can be added to the classical algorithm (it is proposed to set the initial positions of bacteria using fuzzy-logical inference systems, where the available statistics and expert assessments will be input parameters). In general, the proposed approach can be used to select sites for the construction of various hazardous industrial facilities, for which a large number of parameters must be taken into account. Read more...