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Authors: Rozhkov V., Butrimov S., Fedotov V., Krutikov K.     Published in № 2(98) 31 march 2022 year
Rubric: Models and Methods

Modeling the process of self-starting of electric motors for auxiliary needs of a nuclear power plant to accelerate it and minimize various disturbances

The article proposes a solution to the problem of accelerating the processes of self-starting of asynchronous electric motors of pumping equipment with the help of simulation computer modeling tools to reduce the negative impact on the power supply circuit of the auxiliary needs of a nuclear power plant. The features of the run-down transient processes and the interaction of machines of various capacities in the autonomous circuit that occurs after they are turned off, the subsequent transition to a backup power source, and the emerging effects during self-start are considered. It is shown that the most severe mode of such a transition occurs as a result of the operation of automatic switching on of the reserve and disconnection of working power sources by technological protections or actions of operational personnel at the operational level of operating voltage and nominal or close to it load sections. The analysis of emerging modes is carried out using models developed in the MatLab computer mathematics system with a built-in electrical application. The features of the processes of run-down and subsequent self-starting at various favorable and unfavorable moments of time and the magnitude of the mismatch between the voltages of the network and the resulting autonomous circuit are demonstrated. The models make it possible to obtain a reliable mathematical description of the electromagnetic and mechanical processes of motors in a complex electromechanical system of several motors, to measure the instantaneous voltage differences between the network and the run-down circuit, and to predict the optimal time to turn on the backup power source. The results of the studies carried out on the models are the development of recommendations on the technology for monitoring voltage and circuit mismatches for the same phases, the assessment of the root-mean-square deviation of these mismatches and the effective search for the moment of re-enabling the backup source to improve the technological modes of nuclear power plants.

Key words

modeling, electric motors of feed and circulation pumps, loading of auxiliary sections, automatic switching on of the reserve, coasting, self-starting, parallel computing, forecasting

The author:

Rozhkov V.

Degree:

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Head of the Electromechanical Systems Department, Branch of the National Research University "MPEI" in Smolensk

Location:

Smolensk, Russia

The author:

Butrimov S.

Degree:

Deputy Head of the Electrical Workshop – Head of the Relay Protection and Automation Service, Branch of the Rosenergoatom Concern Joint-Stock Company Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant

Location:

Desnogorsk, Russia

The author:

Fedotov V.

Degree:

Master’s Student, Electromechanical Systems Department, Branch of the National Research University “MPEI” in Smolensk

Location:

Smolensk, Russia

The author:

Krutikov K.

Degree:

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Theoretical Foundations of Electrical Engineering Department, Branch of the National Research University "MPEI" in Smolensk

Location:

Smolensk, Russia